For over two decades, the International Space Station (ISS) has been orbiting Earth at a speed of about eight kilometres per second, while an international crew of astronauts and cosmonauts onboard conducted groundbreaking scientific investigations that have thrown open the doors for deep space exploration.
But now NASA has announced that the spacecraft will cease operations in 2031, after which it will fall out of orbit and plunge into the waters of the South Pacific Ocean.
The international space station (ISS) is the biggest space habitat for humanity which serves Astronauts as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which scientific research is conducted in Astronomy, Metrology, Astrobiology, physics, and other fields.
ISS is managed by five countries the ISS has hosted more than 200 Astronauts from 19 different countries and aided numerous scientific discoveries. The ISS will continue its services until 2031 and in January 2031 the ISS will be plunged into the inhabited area of the Pacific Ocean known as Point Nemo.
It is the furthest point from land on Earth also known as a spacecraft cemetery. Many old satellite and spacecraft including Russian Space Station Mir and other space debris had crashed there in 2021, the ISS will be replaced with the commercial space station as NASA has signed agreements with three private companies to launch commercial space station for use by both private companies and government Astronauts.