There are many aspects that could lead an individual to develop a mental illness which "usually happens because of prolonged stress and excessive worrying which impairs one’s normal functioning."


Mental health difficulties vary in many different ways, where in some cases they seem benign and in others they are menacing.

There are many aspects that could lead an individual to develop a mental illness which usually happens because of prolonged stress and excessive worrying which impairs one’s normal functioning.

Heredity combined with socio-environmental factors takes its own part in mental health disorders (World Health Organisation, 2005), debilitating one’s physical health.

Adolescents living in poverty-stricken environments are prone to depression and anxiety while receiving poor education, some cease attending school as they become parents to younger siblings while living in a harmful and dangerous environment (Wilton, 2004).

Being socially excluded is likely to occur as feebleness mounts on these adolescents who can never fit into a world of grandeur making them more withdrawn and susceptible to drug abuse as a way of coping with this stressor.

Taking into consideration the psychosocial stages of development, adolescence is marked by identity versus role confusion making it a challenging transition from childhood to adulthood.

Where understanding oneself is also based on understanding others, trying to be unique yet mimicking those of similar age to see which personality becomes ideal for the teenager (Erikson, 1963).

While shame brought on by poverty makes other teenagers anti-social, some find their clique through poverty by stealing or extremely dangerous rebellion.

Burke (2012) argues that clinical depression is a grave disorder that should not be underestimated and thought of as trivial or temporary.

This makes the disorder even more perilous as it may go unnoticed, increasing its potency hence many people are likely to be diagnosed with depression.

There is a very distinct indication of those suffering from this disorder which includes feeling unworthy of happiness leading to some contemplating suicide and there is a persistent melancholic state which exacerbates one’s negative perception of the world (Burke, 2012).

The youth living in an unsafe environment is likely to be anxious because their safety is compromised, which only results in a higher occurrence of physical and mental dysfunction. Barlow and Durand (2005).

The reason that anxiety is the state of feeling nervous about something that is going to happen which is accompanied by excessive worrying.

This is plausible in a dangerous environment. A plethora of mental health difficulties occur during the adolescence phase and there are obstacles that hinder societies from fully comprehending the severity of the mental disorders and classifying them as either mild behavioral disorders or a sign of a rampant mental illness (Addington et al., 2018).

According to Adams et al. (2019), youth with prolonged physical disorders are more inclined to developing chronic mental health conditions because the immune system is already at risk. In some cases, a mental health illness seems as though it is more of a physical difficulty than a mental one.

People with mental disorders repeatedly come across humiliation from society and this causes most individuals to feel shame and stigma can only be canceled out by education, dispute, and contact included in the anti-stigma promotions and ingenuities (Rusch et al., 2005).

Besides the youth, a lot of adults find themselves conflicted with mental disorders that impair the family dynamic, making them incapable of caring for their children and themselves, furthermore, it can cause irreparable damage to work environments and social lives.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is defined as a psychological condition where an individual experiences a traumatic incident that brings out feelings of fearfulness and dreadfulness

A study conducted by Cortina and Kubiak (2006) concurred that women are more likely to experience posttraumatic stress disorder.

Disagreeing with the notion that women are defenseless but rather connecting their posttraumatic stress disorder to be exacerbated by incidences of sexual assault. Other traumas are not inflicted by human activity but are other natural like earthquakes and floods which are also traumatic to experience (Burke, 2012).

Sayers et al. (2009) articulate that the absence of information concerning posttraumatic stress disorder served as a blockade for the society at large and the individual affected which made treatment intolerable as society was oblivious to the aftermath of the traumatic revelation.

According to Rauch et al. (2012), Prolonged Exposure is a treatment that is productive in plummeting the signs of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder which is inclusive on any kind of trauma one has been exposed to and it has been proven that it decreases comorbid problems like resentment, irritation and a distorted view of the world.


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