USES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE ENVIRONMENT
"Bioremediation refers to the cleaning of the environment with the help of living organisms."
The application of biotechnology in environmental protection can play a big role in adopting a sustainable development pathway.
Biotechnology refers to the use of living organism or their products to modify human health and the human environment, biotechnology can be used to detect, prevent and remediate the emission of pollutants into the environment.
Bioremediation refers to the cleaning of the environment with the help of living organisms. Living organisms range from microorganisms to different species of plants.
For example bacteria help in the decomposition of organic waste and certain plant species such as mustard helps in the absorption of poisonous elements such as selenium.
Cleaning up contamination and dealing rationally with wastes is everyone’s best interest but for most people, this is simply addressing a problem they would rather have not existed in the first place.
Biotechnology has been useful in many fields like agriculture, medicine, food and it also plays an important role in the environment.
Environment refers to our surroundings it is our duty to keep our environment clean and tidy.
The environment helps carry out numerous human activities but we human beings make use of the environment and at the same time bring damage to the environment resulting in lots of environmental hazards.
In situ bioremediation techniques refer to the treatment of waste at its site.
These techniques not only assist in the degradation of adsorbed fuel residuals but also assist in the degradation of volatile organic compounds.
In situ, bioremediation techniques include sparging, bioventing, bioaugmentation, and biocultural.
Bioventing uses microorganisms to biodegrade organic constituents adsorbed in soils in the unsaturated zone it enhances the activity of indigenous bacteria and stimulates the natural in situ biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the soil by inducing air or oxygen flow at low pressure into the unsaturated zone and if necessary by adding nutrients.
Biosparging uses indigenous microorganisms to biodegrade organic constituents in the saturated zone.
In biosparging, air or oxygen and nutrients are injected at high pressure to increase the indigenous microorganisms’ biological activity and to enhance their decomposition activity.
Biocultural is a bacterial formulation to improve waste degradation in septic tanks and eliminate odors due to organic build-up.
Biocultural refers to the use of a blend of bacteria that collectively produce enzymes for the degradation of fats, oils, protein, and carbohydrates.
Bioaugmentation import microorganism to the contaminated sites to carry out degradation of organic waste, for instance, oil zapper.
It is beyond expectation what biotechnology has accomplished and reached in just a matter of time.
Humanity has just started to comprehend and recognized the endless opportunities it has open.
As technology assures us to provide a solution to every frightening problem we face every now and then, so is mankind is expecting more developed biotechnology in the future.
A technology that is more reliable and firm.
This is the importance of biotechnology; the revolution of the future technology.