VENERA, SOVIET PROGRAM OF EXPLORATION OF VENUS
"Ten probes successfully landed on the planet's surface, including the two Vega program and Venera-Halley probes, making thirteen successful entries to the Venusian atmosphere."
Between 1961 and 1984 the Soviet Union developed a series of space probes which were given the name Venera which means Venus.
Ten probes successfully landed on the planet’s surface, including the two Vega program and Venera-Halley probes, making thirteen successful entries to the Venusian atmosphere.
The probes only survived a short period on the surface of Venus due to the extreme surface conditions, with times ranging from 23 minutes to two hours.
These probes were developed to gather and learn information about Venus. During this program, the Soviets hit a few first for mankind.
Such as the first man-made device to enter another planet’s atmosphere (Venera 3-March 1966) was the first to make a soft landing on another planet (Venera 7-December 1970) it lasted an amazing 23 minutes and also captured the first image of another planet’s surface.
Though many of the probes were destroyed due to the extreme conditions of Venus. However, two identical spacecraft’s (Venera 13 and Venera 14), were launched within five days of each other.
Venera 13 was the first to record sounds on another planet, and Venera 15 became the first to perform high-resolution radar mapping scans on June 2, 1983.